by Mark Aindow, Benjamin A. Bedard, Danielle L. Cote, Matthew A. Gleason*, Hannah R. Leonard, and Sriram Vijayan
Gas atomization is the most common approach used to produce powders of metallic alloys, and the high cooling rates involved frequently lead to the formation of non-equilibrium microstructures and phases.
by J. D. Albrecht, C. R. Boucher*, Zehao Li*, and L. R. Ram-Mohan
Developing compact algorithms for accurate electrodynamic calculations with minimal computational cost is an active area of research given the increasing complexity in the design of electromagnetic composite structures.
It is shown that the 33 complex rays in three dimensions used by Penrose to prove the Bell-Kochen-Specker theorem have the same orthogonality relations as the 33 real rays of Peres, and therefore provide an isomorphic proof of the theorem.
by Teagan E. Bate, Edward J. Jarvis, Megan E. Varney*, and Kun-Ta Wu
Self-organization of kinesin-driven, microtubule-based 3D active fluids relies on the collective dynamics of single microtubules. However, the connection between macroscopic fluid flows and microscopic motion of microtubules remains unclear.
by Jack Bauer*, Aaron Deskins, Satish Kumar Iyemperumal, and Thang Duc Pham*
Supported single metal atoms embody active, efficient catalysts. Much effort in the literature has focused on late transition metals, but understanding the reactivity and stability trends across all metals is key to developing new metal catalysts.
by Paul R. Bender*, Sarah A. Cote*, Rachel A. Lewis*, Rajib B. Mallick, Bryan J. Manning*, and Aaron R. Sakulich
This paper investigated the feasibility of using lightweight aggregate (LWA) as a medium for incorporating phase change material (PCM) in hot mix asphalt (HMA) in order to extend pavement life by reducing the magnitude of temperature fluctuations.
by K. Billiar, G. Broderick, A. Christakas*, R. M. Dunn, Z. M. Hurwitz, R. A. Ignotz, J. F. Lalikos, J. McIntyre, and 3 more
The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory responses, tissue integration, and strength of the acellular dermal collagen matrices AlloDerm®* Regenerative Tissue Matrix, Permacol™**Surgical Implant (Permacol), and CollaMend™*** Implant in a rat model.
by Kristen L. Billiar, Andrew K. Capulli*, Laura E. Firstenberg, Leslie N. Sierad*, and Angela M. Throm Quinlan
Cells have the ability to actively sense their mechanical environment and respond to both substrate stiffness and stretch by altering their adhesion, proliferation, locomotion, morphology, and synthetic profile.
by K. L. Billiar, A. G. Christakis*, T. A. Gwyther, J. Z. Hu, M. W. Rolle, S. M. Shaw, and J.K. Skorinko
The goal of this study was to develop a system to rapidly generate engineered tissue constructs from aggregated cells and cell-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) to enable evaluation of cell-derived tissue structure and function.
by Kristen Billiar, Heather Cirka, Vivian Liang*, Frederick J. Schoen, and Johana Uribe
In this study, we introduce and verify a highly reproducible in vitro method for studying dystrophic calcification of cardiac valvular interstitial cells, considered to be a key mechanism of clinical CAVD.
by Kristen L. Billiar, Tracy A. Gwyther, Jason Z. Hu*, and Marsha W. Rolle
This article outlines a versatile method to create cell-derived tissue rings by cellular self-assembly. Smooth muscle cells seeded into ring-shaped agarose wells aggregate and contract to form robust three-dimensional (3D) tissues within 7 days.
by Zachary R. Boyer*, Cory T. Brolliar*, Thomas L. Carroll, Loris Fichera, Benjamin G. Mart*, and Kevin O'Brien*
Office-based endoscopic procedures are becoming an increasingly attractive option for the treatment of laryngeal abnormalities, but their effectiveness is limited by the lack of articulation in currently available surgical instruments.
by C. A. Brown, B. E. Childs*, W. J. Stemp, and S. Vionnet
This experimental programme employs length‐scale analysis of measured profiles to quantitatively discriminate the surface textures of stone flakes manufactured from East Anglian chalk flint used on four contact materials (shell, wood, dry hide and soaked antler).
The specific objective of this project is to contribute to the understanding of how line affects the time and speed of a ski racer on a given course. The broader objective is to better understand how course setting might be used to mitigate injury potential.
by Jordan Burklund*, Michael Giancola*, Peter Mitrano*, and Carlo Pinciroli
We present a decentralized algorithm to achieve segregation into an arbitrary number of groups with swarms of autonomous robots. The distinguishing feature of our approach is in the minimalistic assumptions on which it is based.
by K. T. Butler, Benjamin J. Dringoli*, Pratap M. Rao, Lyubov Titova, A. Walsh, and L. Zhou
This study explores ultrafast carrier dynamics and interactions of photoexcited carriers with lattice vibrational modes in BiVO4 photoanode material using time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy and first-principles phonon spectrum calculations.
by Hailey M. Cambra*, Matthew R. Desrosiers, Dina Rassias, Melissa J. Towler, and Pamela J. Weathers
Artemisinin is a molecule crucial for treating malaria. Naturally produced in the plant Artemisia annua, this sesquiterpene lactone has broad therapeutic efficacy against a variety of parasites, viruses, and neoplasms with a diverse effect on the immune system.
by Alexander D. Carl, Ronald L. Grimm, Roghi E. Kalan, Clare P. Masucci*, Anthony J. Pugliese, Margaret A. Russell*, and Nicholas C. Strandwitz
Dual-liquid-junction photoelectrochemistry and finite-element computational modeling quantified the effect on open-circuit photovoltage, Voc, of varying barrier heights at the back, traditionally ohmic contact to a semiconductor.
by Edward A. Clancy, Lukai Liu, Pu Liu, and Daniel V. Zandt Moyer*
The surface electromyogram (EMG) from biceps and triceps muscles of 33 subjects was related to elbow torque, contrasting EMG amplitude (EMGσ) estimation processors, linear/nonlinear model structures, and system identification techniques.
by Mark Claypool, David Finkel, Sam Jaffe*, Thinh Nguyen*, and Brendan Stephen*
OnLive is a thin-client, cloud-based, video game streaming service. As part of their service, OnLive must distribute game content to their servers in a manner that provides good performance for the players while using hardware resources effectively.
This article describes an incremental rhetorical experiment to insert human-focused (ethical) equipment into a technical project that adapted a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/Cas9 gene-editing system.
by Curtis W. Doiron, Binod Giri, Ronald L. Grimm, Kateryna Kushnir, Erin Morissette*, Pratap M. Rao, and Lyubov V. Titova
This study explores how nanostructuring SnS 2 in the form of vertically-aligned nanoflakes to increase the surface area impacts the lifetime and microscopic conductivity of photoinjected carriers compared to the bulk SnS 2 .
by David Dolivo, Tanja Dominko, Alexandra Grella, William Hermans, Denis Kole, and Lucia Shumaker*
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) is a highly pleiotropic member of a large family of growth factors with a broad range of activities, including mitogenesis and angiogenesis (Ornitz et al., 1996; Zhang et al., 2006).
by David M. Dolivo, Tanja Dominko, and Sara A. Larson*
Fibroblast activation is a key step in the establishment of skin fibrosis induced by acute injury, and it is characterized by the differentiation of plastic resident tissue fibroblasts into contractile, extracellular matrix‑secreting myofibroblasts.
by Huixin He, Andrew O. Holmes*, Mehulkumar Patel, Keerthi Savaram, Vadim V. Yakovlev, and Chuqiao Yang*
In the recently introduced method of production of graphene from graphite powder in a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids under microwave irradiation, the problem of control over reaction temperature (and thus over the quality of graphene sheets) remains unresolved.
by Huixin He, Ethan M. Moon*, Mehulkumar Patel, Vadim V. Yakovlev, and Chuqiao Yang*
Microwave-enabled exfoliation of graphite oxides has been recently shown to be capable of quickly producing graphene sheets of larger size and with fewer defects with the potential for low-cost mass production.
by Andrew O. Holmes*, Ethan K. Murphy, and Vadim V. Yakovlev
Scaling up efficient reactions in microwave-assisted chemistry to the level of industrial technology is slowed down by natural difficulties in development of large-scale and highly productive reactors.
by Nikole J. Jordan*, Praphapan Lasin*, Melissa J. Towler, and Pamela J. Weathers
Artemisinin (AN) is produced by Artemisia annua, a medicinal herb long used as a tea infusion in traditional Chinese medicine to treat fever; it is also the key ingredient in current artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) effective in treating malaria.
by Julia Krushkal, Pui Kwan Fung*, and Pamela J. Weathers
Isoprenoids are a highly diverse and important group of natural compounds. The enzyme 1-deoxy-dxylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR) catalyzes a key regulatory step in the non-mevalonate isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway in eubacteria and in plant plastids.
by Klevis Luli*, David N. Muchene*, and Craig A. Shue
Trusted insiders that betray an organization can inflict substantial harm. In addition to having privileged access to organization resources and information, these users may be familiar with the defenses surrounding valuable assets.
by Sarah A. Martin*, Lauren E. Martone, Saaid A. Mendoza, and Jeanine L. M. Skorinko
The current research examined whether gender bias in the workplace could be reduced through perspective taking implementation intentions, which are if–then statements that specify how to accomplish goals.
by Benjamin Mininberg*, Andrea Tarbet*, Pamela Weathers, and Ying Yang
Temperature and light intensity effects on biomass and lipid production were investigated in Ettlia oleoabundans to better understand some fundamental properties of this potentially useful but poorly studied microalgal species.
This paper aims to introduce and illustrate a computational technique capable of determining the geometry and complex permittivity of a supplementary dielectric insert making distributions of microwave-induced dissipated power within the processed material as uniform as possible.
We conduct a public good game with technological growth. In our endogenous growth treatment, subjects invest in the public good production technology (“contribution productivity”) and make contributions to provision.
Stories of climate change impact underreports the voices of ordinary people emerging with firsthand experience of living closest to the land, even though there are myriad justifications for this approach.
by Lily J Randle*, Douglas K Reilly, and Jagan Srinivasan
Nematodes, such as the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans, communicate environmental and developmental information with conspecifics through a class of small-molecule pheromones termed ascarosides (Butcher, 2017; Chute and Srinivasan, 2014; Ludewig and Schroeder, 2013).
by Daniel J. Robertson*, Craig A. Shue, Curtis R. Taylor, and Krishna K. Venkatasubramanian
Residential and small business customers often have need for high instantaneous download throughput for their Internet transactions which can exceed the throughput provided by the customer's Internet Service Provider (ISP).
by Lorenzo De Carli*, Joseph Turcotte, and Eda Zhou
In this paper, we propose Inspection-Friendly TLS (IF-TLS), an IoT-oriented, TLS-based middleware protocol that preserves the encryption offered by TLS while allowing traffic analysis by middleboxes under the user’s control.
by William Campbell*, Mark Claypool, Amanda Goss*, and Kyle Trottier*
Our project seeks to directly compare key elements of sports and esports. We researched and analyzed industry sizes, viewer friendliness, and competitiveness of popular sports and esports and made graphs to visualize data.
by Meagan E. Carnes, Jeannine M. Coburn, Cailin R. Gonyea*, Rebecca G. Mooney, Jane W. Njihia, and George D. Pins
The goal of this work was to facilitate the logical design of enzymatically crosslinked fibrin microthreads with tunable structural properties, enabling their application for engineered tissue constructs with varied mechanical and structural properties.
by Tien Nguyen*, Louis Roberts, Scarlet Shell, and Diego Vargas-Blanco
We hypothesized that the long 5′ UTR of sigA causes this instability. To test this, we constructed fluorescence reporters and measured protein abundance, mRNA abundance, and mRNA half-life and calculated relative transcript production rates.
by Edward Clancy, Michael Delph II*, Gregory Fischer, Sarah Fischer*, Phillip Gauthier*, and Carlos Martinez Luna*
This project developed a working prototype of the rehabilitative robotic glove which actuates the fingers over a full range of motion across one degree-of-freedom, and is capable of generating a maximum 15N grip force.
by Sinan Assad*, Ki Chon, Edward Clancy, Fangjie Ding*, Ningxin Fu*, Xinming Huang, Susan Jarvis, Quanquan Ma*, and 5 more
In this paper, a low power wireless PPG sensor has been designed. N-back M-pitch, a working memory cognitive test has been used to correlate HRV, extracted from the new sensor, with mental fatigue, indicated by lower accuracy in the test.