Nematodes, such as the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans, communicate environmental and developmental information with conspecifics through a class of small-molecule pheromones termed ascarosides (Butcher, 2017; Chute and Srinivasan, 2014; Ludewig and Schroeder, 2013). Nematodes share ascaroside signaling pathways (Choe et al., 2012), but are also capable of eavesdropping on chemical signals of predatory species (Liu et al., 2018). Ascarosides signal vast arrays of information, either individually or as blends, based on concentration, sex, physiological state, and other ascarosides sensed (McGrath and Ruvinsky, 2019; Pungaliya et al., 2009; Srinivasan et al., 2008; Srinivasan et al., 2012). For instance, octopamine-succinylated ascaroside #9 (osas#9) is able to signal starvation conditions in the absence of other ascarosides (Artyukhin et al., 2013).
Reilly, DK; Randle, LJ; Srinivasan, J (2019). Evolution of hermaphroditism decreases efficacy of Ascaroside#8-mediated mate attraction in Caenorhabditis nematodes. microPublication Biology. http://doi.org/10.17912/micropub.biology.000134
*denotes a WPI undergraduate student author